The importance of education is felt in many areas of life. No wonder why Islam put education as a crucial aspect of religion.
Even though it seems a bit far to correlate education level with bureaucracy quality in a country, I firmly believe that it has a high correlation. Whenever we want our leader to make a change or reform towards bureaucracy which can deliver good services, we know that they will only do it if there is enough incentive to do it. One effective incentive in a ‘normal’ democracy is that the consequences of not be reelected. Public won’t reelect a leader or party who can’t deliver any good to them.
Unfortunately, that’s not the case for a country like Indonesia, where democracy is practiced, but the education level of its society is relatively low. Only around 10% of Indonesia’s population get bachelor degree or higher. It is way so easy for any political parties to bribe many uneducated Indonesia, where on the other hand, the voice of the uneducated is treated the same with the voice of university professor.
In turn, the bad political party or a leader who is supposed to be punished by not being reelected, get reelected (again). If we can’t cut this vicious cycle, then the hope a better Indonesia is quite absurd.
Thus, the effort is really is should be focused on improving nation’s education level. Only with a higher education level, the clean and ‘deliver’ bureaucracy that we want will be achieved.
Lastly, just want to say the caveat, if we are lucky enough, when we ‘suddenly’ have a leader who is clean and visionary, then we might not wait until education level become so high that we’ll get a run bureaucracy. Hopefully, somehow this happen.