Ramadhan Ruminations Lesson 8: The Miraculous Gifts for the People of Patience, by Syaikh Hamza Yusuf
Alhamdulillah, welcome back. We are going to look at eight karamat (miraculous gift) that Ibnu Juzayy Al-Kalbi has identified in the Qur’an for the people of patience. The first one is mahabbah. Wallahu yuhibbu asshabirin (QS Ali-Imran: 146): Allah loves the patience ones. So this is a great gift from Allah SWT that you get His mahabbah. One of the things, and this is I think really important point, there are a lot of Muslim that don’t understand the nature of divine love. Some Christians have always argued that Islam is not a religion of love. That to me is a completely false argument. At the source of Islam is our Prophet SAW whose called habiballah, the beloved of God. Yuhibbunallaha wa yuhibbuhum (QS Al-Maidah: 54): they love God and God loves them. Mahabbah is the root of the Islamic tradition. In fact, there are many different types of love in Arabic tradition. The Qur’an uses the term like al-mawaddah. For instance, Allah puts between the servant of the merciful (the feeling of) wudd. Wudd is a type of affectionate love and it’s an unconditional type of love. So al-wadud for instance is a loving spouse.
One of the names of God is al-wadud, i.e. the loving God. The God that loves His creation. This is why we see in the Qur’an, innallaha la yuhibbu zholimin. God does not love the oppressor. That is what is called mahabbah khossoh, because all of us as oppress (zhalim). No body is free of oppression. So if that was a mutlaq, that means God does not love any body except maybe the Prophet and a handful of auliya and sholihin, that doesn’t have zulm because even in the Qur’an, it says, “Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chosen of Our servants; and among them is he who wrongs himself, and among them is he who is moderate, and among them is he who is foremost in good deeds by permission of Allah . That [inheritance] is what is the great bounty.” (QS Fathir: 32). Allah caused them mustafa, i.e. Allah chosen them, yet here He says they’re oppressing themselves. And previously Allah says, innallaha la yuhibbu zholimin, Allah does not love the oppressors. So, if this person is a zholim, yet he is mustafa (chosen) and given wiratsa (inherited the book), how does that square? We have to understand different degrees of divine love. Allah SWT says rahmati wasi’a kulla syai (QS Al-A’raf: 156): My mercy has encompassed all thing. That includes everyone; that includes the disbelievers, the believers, the atheists, the jinn, the gentile, everybody goes under that. So where it differs is in that mahabbah khossoh. This is the specific love that Allah gives to the people of taqwa. Again, getting back to the centrality and the importance of taqwa. This is extremely important so the people of taqwa are also, wa man yasbiru wa yattaqi, whoever is patient and also has taqwa. Allah SWT talks about the people of patience and taqwa, so they get, wallahu yuhibb, Allah loves ash-shabirin. That’s the first qualities of the eight.
The second quality is that Allah SWT is with you in syakur. Allah SWT actually gives you His ma’iyyah. So Allah SWT says, “O you who have believed, seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.” (QS Al-Baqoroh: 153). Take solace, take help, seek refuge, in patience and prayer, verily, indeed, surely, Allah is with the people of shabr. This is amazing; that when you’re patient, Allah’s with you. Now one of the interesting things, and as human beings, one of our difficultly because we have what we called risibility, risible nature, for those of us who have the trial and tribulation of having choleric temperament, dealing with learning how to control that risible nature takes a lot of nature of time and effort. For other people it’s very easy to control that. In the case of risibility, the person who has that type of temperament, it’s very important that they learn to control that. Now one of the extraordinary things about walking is that it has been showed in many articles which shows that people that walk consistently, that it actually reduces their stress and the threshold for anger become higher and higher. So people that walk as a practice, they actually become calmer and less prone to losing their temper. I find it very interesting because in the Qur’an Allah SWT says, “And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allah) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness.” (QS Al-Furqon: 63). The servant of the merciful, the attribute here was used, not servant of Allah, but servant of the merciful. It is Allah, that is using the attribute of mercy, they walk upon the earth lightly, humbly. When ignorant people provoke them, they say peace. So there’s direct relationship between just the practice of walking. Our Prophet SAW walk and he said to give glad tidings to the masyain, the people that walk in dark to the mosque. Muslims traditionally walk a great deal. One the tribulation of modern people is they don’t walk enough. So that having the nasr of Allah will come from patience. If you get angry, Iblis comes in the room. If you are able to continue shabr. Allah’s with you, innallah ma’a shobirin.
The third quality is the guraf in Jannah. Allah SWT says, “Those will be rewarded with the highest place (in Paradise) because of their patience. Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect.” (QS Al-Furqon: 75). They’re given a reward of high places in paradise because of their patience, bima shobaru. So because of their patience they’re granted this high station in paradise.
The fourth one is that Allah SWT gives you a reckoning without any hisab. Allah SWT says, “… Indeed, the patient will be given their reward without account.” (QS Az-Zumar: 10). Allah SWT said the patience one, have their rewards given to them, fulfilled without any reckoning. That’s the fourth. These are extraordinary blessings given to the patient. The first one being the mahhabah (gaining mahabbah of Allah/love of Allah through patience); second, that you have syakur from Allah (his ma’iyah/God’s with you when you’re patient); third you’re given high rank in paradise; and finally you’re rewarded without any reckoning. It’s a huge vast reward for being patience. So it’s extraordinary to have this gift.